Case Study

Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP 2100)

Client: General Economics Division of the Ministry of Planning (Bangladesh) | Sectors: Natural Resources

The Government of Bangladesh (GoB), in cooperation with the government of the Netherlands, and with Ecorys technical support succesfully developed the Bangladesh Delta Plan 2100 (BDP 2100).

This effort integrated planning from delta-related sectors and from all across the country to come to a holistic plan for the Bangladesh Delta (80 per cent of the country’s surface area). BDP 2100 is grounded in a long-term vision of the Delta’s future. This long-term vision, combined with the use of scenarios, allows planning to be adaptive and dynamic by constantly taking into account uncertainties in future developments in e.g. climate change, socio-economic development, population growth and regional cooperation. It is more than just a one-time planning exercise and aims to provide the foundation for permanent delta governance in Bangladesh through the outlining of a delta framework.

BDP 2100 was being formulated through a process that is adapted from the delta planning process as used in the Netherlands. Both countries face highly similar challenges in terms of water safety. Key elements of the planning process include the conducting of baseline studies, the outlining of a delta vision and scenarios, the creation of a delta framework for delta governance, the iterative selection of delta strategies, inventory of current financing mechanisms, the formulation of an investment plan and a programme for capacity building.

The plan found immediate applicability through a set of measures as input to the Government of Bangladesh 7th Five-Year Plan for 2016-2020.

Key features of this approach included:

•    Integration of all delta-related sector plans and policies, developing a Delta Vision and strategy that made it possible to integrate sector plans and policies for the long term and to present actionable interventions with a roadmap for realisation. 

•    Integration of climate change adaptation in a more strategic, knowledge-based and consistent way, making efficient use of limited natural and economic resources in Bangladesh. 

•    Facilitating the conservation of natural resources in a comprehensive manner, especially the river floodplains, haors and coastal ecosystems that will contribute to sustainable provision of services to the life and livelihoods of vulnerable people. 

•    Creating an opportunity to harmonize regional and local development plans for agriculture, water management, environmental affairs, ecosystem management, urbanization, tourism, etc. with national plans.

Key Experts

Jan-Willem Knippels Senior Consultant